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How to unlock the full potential of a green hydrogen collaboration between Scotland and Germany?

The UK-based Net Zero Technology Centre (NZTC) and cruh21 have released a report aimed at maximizing the potential of green hydrogen cooperation between Scotland and Germany.

The report, titled "Enabling Green Hydrogen Exports: Matching Scottish Production to German Demand", examines hydrogen production in Scotland and demand in Germany. It creates scenarios to align hydrogen export and consumption, exploring multi-sector end uses, necessary technologies, infrastructure, and regulatory frameworks for the safe and effective distribution of hydrogen.

Between 22% and 100% Germany’s hydrogen import needs by 2045

The study reveals that by 2045, Scotland's hydrogen exports could meet between 22% and 100% of Germany's hydrogen import needs. The report outlines two key developmental stages. The first phase, extending up to 2030, focuses on initial production and end-use activities before hydrogen pipelines are installed to export 35 TWh of hydrogen. The second phase, covering 2030-2045, involves the commissioning and scaling up of pipeline infrastructure to enable the low-cost export of 94 TWh of hydrogen.

To tackle challenges and seize opportunities, the report suggests several actions, including comprehensive research, prioritizing infrastructure investments, strengthening energy partnerships, monitoring market dynamics, and reassessing export targets to match evolving demand trends.

Leading viewpoints

Ana Almeida, Senior Project Engineer at NZTC, highlighted the well-recognized potential for hydrogen production in Scotland and the projected demand in Germany. She mentioned that the scenarios in the report outline pathways to maximize international hydrogen distribution opportunities. Almeida also emphasized that collaborating with Cruh21 ensured a thorough consideration of both the barriers and benefits for the two countries.

Meryem Maghrebi, a consultant at Cruh21, remarked that the report provides a comprehensive overview and underscores the necessity of developing a synchronized hydrogen and derivatives infrastructure. Maghrebi identified key factors to boost cooperation, such as mapping the development of supply and demand and establishing Pan North Sea transport infrastructure.

Mairi McAllan, Cabinet Secretary for Net Zero and Energy, stated that Scotland is well-positioned to become a significant hydrogen exporter to Northern Europe and the UK, thereby supporting climate objectives and fostering green economic growth. She explained that the report, commissioned and funded by the Scottish Government, explores how to align Scottish hydrogen production with German demand.

This report, which emphasizes off-taker potential and cross-border hydrogen distribution, complements NZTC’s Hydrogen Backbone Link report, which evaluates transport infrastructure, specifically considering the reuse versus new construction of a dedicated hydrogen pipeline.


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